1. What is golden rice?
Golden rice (GR) refers to genetically modified (GM) rice developed to produce a carotenoid called beta-carotene. This beta-carotene becomes vitamin A when processed by the body and gives the rice grain the yellow-orange or gold color, hence the name “golden” rice.
2. How important is vitamin A to the body?
Vitamin A is an essential nutrient needed to keep the body, specifically the eyes, healthy.
Lack of vitamin A, also called vitamin A deficiency (VAD), damages the immune system, therefore, increasing risk to common bacterial and viral infections and rate of mortality especially among children. The weak immune system is usually followed by poor eyesight that can lead to night blindness, which may also result in permanent, partial or total blindness if the depletion continues.